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Russian Vocabulary: Talking about Your Health


While asking someone about their well-being is common when making small talk, being able to talk about ailments becomes invaluable when you need to see a medical professional. Therefore, in this post, we learn the Russian vocabulary that allows us to talk about health and health problems.


The best way to learn new vocabulary is to practice. Every time you learn new words, you need to use them to ensure that they become part of your vocabulary. For the best results, practice Russian with a tutor during an online lesson.


How Do You Feel?

If you have pain, simply say, “У меня болит…” (U menya bolit… – I have pain in…), and then specify where by adding the right word:

  • У меня болит живот. (U menya bolit zhivot.) – I have a stomachache.

  • У меня болит голова. (U menya bolit golova.) – I have a headache.

  • У меня болит зуб. (U menya bolit zub.) – I have a toothache.

  • У меня болит горло. (U menya bolit gorlo.) – I have a sore throat.

  • У меня болит нога. (U menya bolit noga.) – My leg hurts.

  • У меня болит рука. (U menya bolit ruka.) – My arm hurts.

  • У меня болит спина. (U menya bolit spina.) – My back hurts.

The verb “болеть” (bolet’ – to feel sick) comes from the noun “боль” (bol’ – pain). If you feel sick, use the following phrases:

  • Я заболел. (Ya zabolel.) – I got sick.

  • Я плохо себя чувствую. (Ya plokho sebya chuvstvuiu.) – I don’t feel well.

  • Мненехорошо. (Mne nekhorosho.) – I don’t feel well.


Talking about Symptoms

The first thing you do when you see the doctor is describe your symptoms:

  • У меня высокая температура. (U menya vysokaya temperature.) – I have a high temperature.

  • У меня жар. (U menya zhar.) – I have a fever.

  • Меня тошнит. (Menya toshnit.) – I feel nauseated.

  • У меня насморк. (U menya nasmork.) – My nose is running.

  • У меня заложен нос. (U menya zalozhen nos.) – My nose is stuffy.

  • Якашляю. (Ya kashlyaiu.) – I’m coughing.


Talking about Illnesses and Injuries

  • Должно быть, я простудилась. (Dolzhno byt’, ya prostudilas’.) – I might have caught a cold.

  • Я думаю, что у меня грипп. (Ya dumaiu, shto u menya gripp.) – I think I have the flu.

  • У него сахарный диабет. (U nego sakharnyi diabet.) – He has diabetes.

  • Кажется, я сломала ногу. Я не могу идти. Мне больно. (Kazhetsya,ya slomalan ogu.Ya ne mogu idti. Mne bol’no.) – It seems I have fractured my leg. I can’t walk. It hurts.

  • У меня аллергия на апельсины. (U menya allergiya na apel’siny.) – I’m allergic to oranges.

Finding Medical Assistance

Finding medical assistance, whether in an emergency or in the course of everyday life, is as important as being able to explain what ails you:

  • Как мне записаться на прием к врачу? (Kak mne zapisat;sya n priyom k vrachu?) – How can I make an appointment to see the doctor?

  • Мне нужно записаться на прием к стоматологу. (Mne nuzhno zapisat’sya n priem k stomatologu.) – I need to make an appointment to see the dentist.

  • Где находится больница? (Gde nahoditsya bol’nitsa?) – Where is the hospital?

  • Кто-нибудь, вызовите врача. (Kto-nibud’ vyzovite vracha.) – Somebody get a doctor.

  • Ему нужна скорая. (Emu nuzhna skoraya.) – He needs an ambulance.

  • Как вызвать скорую? (Kak vyzvat’ skoryiu?) – How do I call an ambulance? Наберите 112. (Naberite 112.) – Call 112.

  • У меня третья группа крови. (U menya tret’ya gruppa krovi.) – My blood type is B.


Did you know that in Russian, blood types are classified using numbers instead of letters? Before visiting the country, remember to determine your blood type according to the Russian classification, just in case.


How to Enhance Your Russian Vocabulary

Stay healthy, take care of yourself, and practice with one of our expert tutors. If you work with a Russian tutor, you’ll not only learn new words and phrases, you’ll also learn how to use the language correctly. You’ll be surprised how much you can accomplish with our help!

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